Everything started in the seventh century with the unbeatable Wari culture during its boom phase, came to encompass Lambayeque, Arequipa and the jungle region of Cusco, as they were a specialist in the art of war legion, with clubs and slingshots dominated all these extensive vast territories of wealth and food. This fearsome culture also practiced metallurgical and ceremonial activities with a spiritual background. The gods were worshiped with animal features anthropomorphic forms, these images were made based on their visions they had during the ceremonies.
Already in the year 1200 it was when it finished his regency, this was because of his endless expansion, the original Wari legions were separating more and more losing its political dominance in those controlled sectors. But what we should interest us a little more, is the arrival of this culture at “Espiritu Pampa”, District of Vilcabamba, Province of La Convencion, department of Cusco, where he was buried one of its most important leaders “Lord of Wari ‘sector who speculates that his wealth even rivaling that of the Lord of Sipan, a breastplate of gold, a mask and 223 silver beads, 17 gold pieces, more than 100 pieces of pottery and other vessels of lesser value, adorned the tomb of this leader Wari. Architectural vestiges Chachapoyense lines near the tomb were also found.
Later in the year 1536 was a part of the Inca Empire who repopulated the area of “Espiritu Pampa. After the bloody Spanish conquest in 1532, with betrayals, annihilations, and bloody caravans; a minority of the great Inca Empire took refuge in Vilcabamba, formerly called “Espiritu Pampa”. Manco Inca was the first ruler in this territory, was responsible for raising new buildings influenced by some sylvan styles, while planning his emancipation from the Spanish government. The following were Sayri Sapa Inca Titu Cusi Tupac and successively held the revolutionary and emancipatory philosophy of his predecessor. But it was Tupac Amaru who took the big step of the rebellion, dismissing the Spaniards around Vilcabamba, taking control of this. Then, in an armed incursion to Cusco with the excuse of responding to letters of Francisco Alvarez de Toledo, Viceroy of Peru, killed the viceroy of Cusco, it was the beginning of the last Spanish-Inca confrontation.
After Cusco attack, Tupac Amaru returned to Vilcabamba, to rethink the plan of emancipation. Unfortunately, the whole region of the resistance was under siege, all that remained was to protect the fort, the last cry of freedom. But between espionage and deceit Spanish bloody managed to circumvent the barriers of Tupac Amaru I, destroyed everything in its path, men, women and children were killed equally without mercy, only young Sapa Inca Tupac Amaru I was taken prisoner along with some his loyalists. This gallant man was beheaded in 1572 and even with pain in his beloved soul scorched earth.
Later the Spanish crapulous named the place “San Francisco de la Victoria” of Vilcabamba, soon to be forgotten in time and covered land into oblivion. 400 years later all its historical legacy was reappraised under the name of Archaeological Complex of “Espiritu Pampa” or Vilcabamba La Grande, only Inca ruins are scattered around you 40 km2, mixed relics of jungle and Inca culture. The last Inca refuge, its legendary history stay for good memory.