MARAS – MORAY A MYSTERY TO THE ECOLOGY

April 26, 2016
andenes de moray en cusco

Maras is a district of the province of Urubamba, which can be reached via a paved road from kilometer 50 of the Cusco route to Urubamba located in the central Andes Mountains, surrounded by large and impressive mountains and archaeological sites they are demonstrating their history, value and cultural wealth.

There is a beautiful temple built of adobe store inside paintings by Antonio Sinchi Roca, great native painter of Maras, in the main courtyard witnessed the passage of the years lies a stunning cross carved in granite in one piece. The beautiful old houses built in the colony gave home to important caciques and characters of that era, beautiful and intimidating given the pseudonym tickets to Maras as the city of the covers. Maras Peru and demonstrates to the world the potential for development in the tourism industry.

Salineras has been an important place since our ancestors inhabited this area. Formerly the Incas used to trade salt populations in the area of ​​El Collao, for products produced in this area, as were the dried meat, wool and leather. The salt mines start at a small spring called “Pichoncoto” worked with very elementary means and with a fraction of the population of Maras. Maras reveals that this resource was already known and used in ancient times and may have been one of many sources of supply for the Inca population.

The archaeological remains of Moray are located 7 km from Maras, the complex is formed by platforms like concentric rings, each circle includes a terrace that overlaps another in circles that each level will expand, you can access from one to another climbing nestled protruding stones on the wall of the platforms. For students of this place, Moray was possibly an agricultural research center, where they conducted experiments of crops at different heights, the arrangement of their platforms produces a gradient of microclimates, with the center of the concentric terraces, a temperature more high and gradually decreasing outwards at lower temperatures, thus being able to simulate more than 20 different microclimates; There are theories that the Incas were able to acclimate coca leaf crops in this place. Seeds and cultured products were stored in the qollqa, which were deposits products built by way of alcoves and cooled by flowing cold air from the Andes, the products were free from plague for any height and weather conditions. Moray could have served as a model for calculating agricultural production. In this archaeological site was celebreated “Q’allari Wata” or beginning of the agricultural year, the celebrations include folk dances and payment to the Pachamama is the most important part of this celebration.