INTI RAYMI 2016 – CUSCO

March 24, 2016

There were several reasons which fueled the Inca civilization to make sacrifices and offerings to the sun. One was that the Inca, as the Cusquenian nobility, were considered natural children of the sun, to obey its existence and should correspond with sacrifices and offerings

The sun went away (June – Winter Solstice), the cold increased in the early mornings the water froze, therefore, we had to ask the sun to return, at twilight it would not continue moving north .Finally, we had to attest to the inti god, eternity and total surrender of their children, with submission and respect.

The Inti Raymi is a festival that celebrates the Sun God of the Incas. Today is evoked on June 24 of each year as the most solemn and grandiose celebration of the disappeared Inca Empire. The main stage of the Inti Raymi is the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, located in the north of the city of Cusco to 55 meters above the sea level. According to the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Sacsayhuaman is “the greatest and pride work” that the Incas asked to build to show their power and majesty”.

The Inca Pachacutec build the Qoricancha, a lavish temple dedicated to revere the Sun God that the Incas called it “Apu Punchao or Apu Inti”, or apu inti, in whose honour was consecrated the imposing Inti Raymi, which reaches contours of solemnity and splendor, as described by the most important chroniclers. More than six centuries ago, the Inca Pachacuteq instituted the party to the Sun God. The Incas are still representing “Inti Raymi” with the same fervor with which their ancestors made in the splendid times of the Empire. Inti Raymi, contemporary version is from the June 24, 1994, when the festivities were instituted in the city in memory of their ancient origin and cradle of the great Inca civilization. The people of Cusco prepare themselves for the party for many days before June 24, the date on which fills the esplanade in front of which the fortress of Sacsayhuaman rises. The beat of ancient musical airs, delegates from four his parade with their traditional costumes, as well as coming from another time, ñustas, coyas and pallas, which are moving in undulating columns. Finally, suddenly, the Inca can be seen. The sovereign is transported on a litter – that time was the legendary gold and silver and accompanied by an entourage of dried apricots and other dignitaries who walk respectable distance from him.

The feast in honour of the Sun God, is performed in the presence of the Inca, the Willaq Uma or Somo Priest, Tarpuntay, Wirapirikuq, like the nobles and representatives historical and natural scenarios:

INTI RAYMI – QORICANCHA

Qoricancha ( “Golden Fence”): Cusco’s main temple dedicated to the sun, where it is said this was the golden garden. Here, the first ritual of worship “Apu Inti” and the Pachamama, where they were buried large offerings, which in 1972 were found evidence in the Museum of Garcilaso, Ministry of Culture, Cusco.

INTI RAYMI – MAIN SQUARE

The Main Square (the old “Aucaypata” or Warrior Square”). In Inca times, this huge square is completely developed the ceremony in the great “Ushnu” (ceremonial platform).

INTI RAYMI – SACSAYHUAMAN

Sacsayhuaman (voice derives from the Quechua “Saqsay” and “Waman” which translated into Spanish means “Sáciate Alcon”) is 3,671 masl to one kilometer of the Inca Qolqanpata neighbourhood. It was the royal house of the sun and temple dedicated to Ray, according to Garcilaso. Here, since 1944 the central part of the contemporary Inti Raymi before a jeering crowd takes place.

With more than seventy years of existence, now Inti Raymi is an inseparable part of the life of cusco, is not only the main event of the celebrations of the city, but his fame has transcended the Peruvian borders too, helped to implement other parties that reprice national identity.

WEDNESDAY 24

CUSCO -INTI RAYMI DAY

00:00 GREETINGS TO CUSCO: THE PEOPLE TONE THE HYMN TO CUSCO AND ANNOUNCES THE PARTY OF CUSQUENIAN SUN-HUG BROTHERHOOD

Organization: Municipal Government of Cusco and EMUFECS.A.

Location: Main Square of Cusco.

06:00 A.M: SALVO OF 21 CAMARETAZOZ BY THE 5TH MOUNTAIN BRIGADE.

08:00 A.M: CONCENTRATION OF AUTHORITIES IN THE MUNICIPAL PALACE OF CUSCO.

08:15 A.M: HOISTING THE NATIONAL PAVILION AND FLAG OF CUSCO – ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE SUN FEAST WITH PUPUTUS.

Organization: Municipal Government of Cusco,

5th Mountain Brigade.

Location: Main Square of Cusco.

08:30 A.M: MASS AND TE DEUM

Organizers: Archbishopric of Cusco.

Location: Basilica Cathedral of Cusco.

INTI RAYMI EVOCATION – FIESTA DEL SOL

Organizers: Municipal Government of Cusco and EMUFFEC S.A.

Location: Main Square of Cusco.

07:00 P.M: Start Qoricancha Temple (Avenida del Sol).

10:30 A.M: ceremony in Hawqaypata Square (Main Square of Cusco)

01:30 P.M: Main ceremony.

Chukipampa contest, Sacsayhuaman.

10:00 A.M: SUSTAINABILITY CAMPAIGN OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF SACSAYWAMAN (24 and 25 June).

Promoted by: EMUFEC S.A.E – Khipu technological institute of higher and private education.